Good eating habits are consuming a variety of foods that give you nutrients to maintain good health, feel good and provide energy. These foods will contain nutrients that include carbohydrates, protein, fat, water, vitamins and minerals. Eating well is an excellent way to help your body stay strong and healthy. Nutrition is important for everyone. Thus, eating nutritious food can help improve your immune system, your mood and your energy level. The easiest way to healthy diet is to consume a well balanced diet that contains variety of nutrients from a wide range of foods.
Proteins provide your body with amino acids which is the building blocks that help your body cells. Hence the body cells do their everyday activities. Protein is important for your body to build cells, repair old cells, create hormones and enzymes. The hormones and enzymes help keep your immune system healthy. If your body lacks protein, then your body takes longer to recover from illness. You are more likely to get sick.
During treatments of illness some people may need more protein than usual. Good sources of protein are lean meat, fish, poultry, and low-fat dairy products, as well as nuts, dried beans, peas, and lentils.
Carbohydrates are important to give you quick energy. They quickly enter into your blood as glucose or blood sugar which the body uses for fuel first before turning the leftovers into fats.
Vegetables, fruits, bread, pasta, grains, cereal products, dried beans, peas and lentils are good source of carbohydrates. Many of these foods are also good source of fibre. Your digestive system needs fibre to stay healthy. Sugar, honey and molasses are also carbohydrates. However, these carbohydrates are high in calories and do not offer any other benefits. Whole grains, fruit and vegetables are healthier sources of carbohydrates than refined sugars and grains.
On the whole, the immune system does a remarkable job of defending one against disease-causing microorganisms. However, sometimes it fails, and the germs invades successfully and makes you sick. Researchers are examining the effects of diet, exercise, age, psychological stress, and other factors on the immune response.
Your body needs fatty acids to grow and produce new cells and hormones. Fatty acids are contained in fats. Fats also help some vitamins move through the body. Vitamins A, D, E and K are important fat-soluble vitamins. It means the need some fat to be absorbed in the body. They are also stored in the fatty tissues in the body and the liver. Fat helps protect the organs against trauma. The body stores excess calories as fat which is saved as reserve energy.
Fats give you more concentrated calories than carbohydrates or proteins. For example, a teaspoon of fat will have more calories than a teaspoon of carbohydrate or a teaspoon of protein.
Water is vital for good health. It is necessary for life. Water makes up to 50% to 66% of the total body weight. It helps regulate temperature, move nutrients through the body and gets rid of waste. Losing too much fluids can lead to dehydration. Generally, it is good idea to drink 6 to 8 glasses of water a day. If you lose fluids because of diarrhea or vomiting, then you need to replenish fluids with essential ingredients in them. Some of good options are vegetable or chicken broth, fruit juices, tomato juice and sports drinks that can help replace vitamins and minerals in the body.
Vitamins help keep your bones strong, your vision clear and sharp. It also helps your skin, nails, and keeping hair healthy and glowing. Vitamins also help your body use energy from the food you eat.
Minerals are chemical elements that help regulate your body’s processes. Potassium, for example, helps your nerves and muscles function. Calcium helps your teeth and bones stay strong. Iron carries oxygen to your cells. If you eat a balanced diet with enough calories and protein, you’re probably getting enough vitamins and minerals. But if you’re receiving treatment for breast cancer, this may be a challenge. And certain treatments may sap your body’s supplies of some vitamins or minerals.