Infusing water with carbon dioxide gas under pressure creates carbonated or sparkling water. This produces a bubbly drink that is also known as soda water, club water, fizzy water, and seltzer water. They usually have salt added to improve their taste except for seltzer water. Few manufacturers may add minerals too. Drinking carbonated water in moderation may have certain health benefits.
Natural sparkling water is different. Bottlers capture these waters at source, naturally from a mineral spring. Mineral waters are rich in minerals and sulphur compounds. These waters are mostly bottled naturally and sometimes carbonated too. Tonic water contains a bitter compound known as quinine and is a form of carbonated water. Quinine may also help treat malaria and babesiosis.
Carbonated water is acidic because of the chemical reaction between carbon dioxide and water. It produces a weak carbonic acid which helps to stimulate nerve receptors in your mouth as mustard. Carbonic acid triggers a prickly and burning sensation that may be both irritating and enjoyable for many people. The pH of carbonated water is between 3 to 4 which is slightly acidic. Drinking carbonated water or acidic drinks may not make your body more acidic. The kidneys and lungs discharge enough carbon dioxide which keeps your blood slightly alkaline disregarding what you may eat or drink. Your body maintains stability.
One of the biggest challenges about sparkling water may be the effect on teeth. This acidic beverage is in direct contact with teeth. While there are very few findings on this effect. However, one study finds sparkling mineral water damaged enamel only slightly more than still water. Furthermore, sparkling water is 100 times less damaging than a sugary soft drink.
One examination shows the strong potential that carbonated may have the potential to destroy enamel if it contained sugar. The fact remains a non-carbonated sweet beverage like Gatorade was more harmful than a carbonated sugar-free drink like diet coke. Another research puts samples of tooth enamel in various beverages for 24 hours. The sugar-sweetened non-carbonated and carbonated beverages resulted in significantly greater enamel loss than diet drinks. It is found that a combination of sugar and carbonation accelerates dental decay. Hence, plain sparkling water is lesser of risk on dental health.
It may sound surprising, however, research shows that sparkling water may help improve swallowing ability. Carbonated water shows the strongest ability to arouse the nerves responsible for swallowing function. Carbonated water is also known to benefit the digestive system in several ways. It also helps you feel full longer than still water does. Studies find sparkling water may help food remain in the first part of the stomach for longer. Hence, it triggers a feeling of fullness.
There is enough evidence to prove that sparkling water may improve other symptoms related to indigestion which may include stomach pains. Drinking sparkling water also helps relieve the symptoms of constipation. Therefore, carbonated helps provide benefits for digestion, constipation, and swallowing.